Charted: Gender-Neutral Names in America

Electric vehicle charging stations across America: mapped

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As the electric vehicle market continues to expand, it is essential to have enough EV charging stations to extend driving ranges and reduce waiting time at chargers.

Currently, the United States has about 140,000 public EV chargers distributed across nearly 53,000 charging stations, which are still far more than the 145,000 gas stations in the country.

This graphic maps EV charging stations across the United States using data from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. The map has interactive features when viewed on desktop, showing pricing structures and connection types when hovering over a charging station, along with filtering options.

Which states are leading the way in EV charging infrastructure?

As seen in the map above, most electric vehicle charging stations in the United States are located on the West and East coasts of the nation, while the Midwest strip is fairly barren outside of the state of Colorado.

California has the most EV charging stations at 15,182, an impressive 29% of all charging stations in America. In fact, the Golden State has nearly twice as many charges as New York (3,085), Florida (2,858) and Texas (2,419).

Rate it Govt Number of charging stations Share of US charging stations
1 California 15,182 28.7%
2 New York 3,085 5.8%
3 Florida 2,858 5.4%
4 Texas 2,419 4.6%
5 Massachusetts 2,328 4.4%
6 Washington 1,810 3.4%
7 Colorado 1,718 3.2%
8 Georgia 1,596 3.0%
9 Maryland 1,358 2.6%
10 Pennsylvania 1,260 2.4%
United States collection 52,889 100.0%

Not surprisingly, the four states with the highest GDP have the highest number of EV chargers, and California’s significant lead is also unsurprising considering its ambition to completely eliminate the sale of new gas vehicles by 2035.

Best states for EV charging speed and cost

While the distribution of many charging stations throughout a state is important, two other factors determine charging convenience: Cost and Charger level availability.

EV charger pricing structures and charger level availability across the country are a wild west with no set rules and few clear expectations.

Find free electric vehicle chargers across states

Generous EV charging stations will offer unlimited free charging or a free charging period of 30 minutes to 4 hours before payment is required. Some EV charging stations located in parking structures require a parking fee, while others may have a flat charging fee per session, a fee per kWh consumed, or an hourly fee.

While California leads the state in terms of the amount of free charging available, it’s actually second worst among the top 10 states when it comes to the share of chargers, with only 11% of them offering 30 minutes or more free.

Rate it State name Number of free charging stations Share of free charging stations in the state
1 California 1,717 11.3%
2 Florida 673 23.6%
3 New York 662 21.5%
4 Texas 606 25.1%
5 Maryland 399 29.4%
6 Georgia 360 22.6%
7 Washington 358 19.8%
8 Pennsylvania 318 25.2%
9 Colorado 273 15.9%
10 Massachusetts 150 6.4%
United States collection 10,295 19.5%

Meanwhile, Maryland leads the way with nearly 30% of the state’s chargers offering at least 30 minutes of free charging. Massachusetts, on the other hand, is the strictest state in the top 10, with 6% (150 total) of charging stations offering free charging to electric vehicle drivers in the state.

States with Best DC Fast Charger

While free EV chargers are great, having access to fast charging is important depending on how much you value your time. Most EV drivers across the US have access to Level 2 charging, with more than 86% of the country’s charging stations having Level 2 chargers.

Level 2 charging (4-10 hours from empty to full charge) beats the snail’s pace of Level 1 charging (40-50 hours from empty to full charge) among busy schedules and many charging stations that are only free for the first 30. Getting a minute, DC fast charger is almost a necessity.

Direct current fast chargers can charge an electric vehicle from empty to 80% in 20-60 minutes, but today they are available at only 12% of EV charging stations in America.

Rate it Govt Number of stations with DC fast charging Share of DC fast chargers available in the state Share of free and DC fast charger locations in the state
1 California 1,756 11.6% 0.7%
2 Florida 360 12.6% 1.1%
3 Texas 276 11.4% 1.2%
4 Colorado 243 14.1% 1.1%
5 New York 234 7.6% 0.8%
6 Washington 232 12.8% 1.1%
7 Georgia 228 14.3% 1.4%
8 Maryland 223 16.4% 2.7%
9 Pennsylvania 134 10.6% 1.0%
10 Massachusetts 134 5.8% 0.2%
United States collection 6,540 12.4% 0.9%

As with free stations, Maryland leads the 10 states with the highest share of DC fast chargers at 16%. Massachusetts was the worst state for DC charger availability at 6%, while New York State was second worst at 8% despite its large number of chargers overall. All other states in the top 10 have DC chargers in at least one of the 10 charging stations.

As for the holy grail of charging stations, with free charging and DC fast charging available, only about 1% of charging stations in the country are available. So if you’re hoping for free and DC fast charging, chances are about one in 100 in most states.

The future of America’s EV charging infrastructure

As America works toward Biden’s goal of having half of all new vehicles sold in 2030 be zero-emission vehicles (battery electric, plug-in hybrid electric or fuel cell electric), charging infrastructure across the country is essential to improve accessibility and convenience. drivers.

The Biden administration has pre-approved EV infrastructure plans in 35 states, providing access to $900 million in funding as part of the $5 billion National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure (NEVI) formula program to be distributed over the next five years. .

Along with this program, a $2.5 billion discretionary grant program aims to increase EV charging access in rural, underserved and overburdened communities, along with $3 billion in the Inflation Reduction Act dedicated to support access to EV charging in economically disadvantaged communities. .

With more than $10 billion invested in EV charging infrastructure over the next five years, and more than half of that amount focused on communities with poor current access, charger availability across America is set to continue to improve in the coming years.

Source

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